Java String intern: Performance impact

java.lang.String#intern() is an interesting function in Java. When used at the right place, it has potential to reduce overall memory consumption of your application by eliminating duplicate strings in your application. To learn how intern() function works, you may refer to this blog. In this post let’s discuss the performance impact of using java.lang.String#intern() function in your application.

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In which region intern strings are stored?

intern() is an interesting function in java.lang.String object. intern() function eliminates duplicate string objects from the application and has potential to reduce overall memory consumption of your application. To understand how string intern() function works you may refer to this interesting blog. Intern strings are stored in a string pool in the JVM memory. JVM Memory has following regions:

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Troubleshooting Microservice’s OutOfMemoryError: Metaspace

Recently we confronted an interesting ‘java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Metaspace’ problem in a Microservice application. This Microservice application will run smoothly for initial few hours, later it will start to throw java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Metaspace. In this post let me share the steps we pursued to troubleshoot this problem.

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Benefits of setting initial and maximum memory size to the same value

When we launch applications, we specify the initial memory size and maximum memory size. For the applications that run on JVM (Java Virtual Machine), initial and maximum memory size is specified through ‘-Xms’ and ‘-Xmx’ arguments. If Java applications are running on containers, it’s specified through ‘-XX: InitialRAMPercentage’ and ‘-XX: MaxRAMPercentage’ arguments. Most enterprises set the initial memory size to a lower value than the maximum memory size. As opposed to this commonly accepted practice, setting the initial memory size the same as the maximum memory size has certain ‘cool’ advantages. Let’s discuss them in this post.

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