Troubleshooting Microservice’s OutOfMemoryError: Metaspace

Recently we confronted an interesting ‘java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Metaspace’ problem in a Microservice application. This Microservice application will run smoothly for initial few hours, later it will start to throw java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Metaspace. In this post let me share the steps we pursued to troubleshoot this problem.

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Benefits of setting initial and maximum memory size to the same value

When we launch applications, we specify the initial memory size and maximum memory size. For the applications that run on JVM (Java Virtual Machine), initial and maximum memory size is specified through ‘-Xms’ and ‘-Xmx’ arguments. If Java applications are running on containers, it’s specified through ‘-XX: InitialRAMPercentage’ and ‘-XX: MaxRAMPercentage’ arguments. Most enterprises set the initial memory size to a lower value than the maximum memory size. As opposed to this commonly accepted practice, setting the initial memory size the same as the maximum memory size has certain ‘cool’ advantages. Let’s discuss them in this post.

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Chaos Engineering – Simulating OutOfMemoryError

In the series of chaos engineering articles, we have been learning to simulate various performance problems. In this post, let’s discuss how to simulate ‘java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Java Heap space’ problem. This ‘java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Java Heap space’ will be thrown by the application when the application generates more objects than the allocated heap size. 

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